Why Should College Athletes Be Paid?

Why College Athletes Should Be Paid?

            Marc, Justin, and William, who are all authors of articles that speak about athletic sports, discuss reasons why college athletes should be paid. Although some people disagree, most believe they should. Many reasons are discussed on why college athletes should be paid, but I would only like to focus on a few. The three major reasons I believe they deserve to be paid are; the school makes money off of the players, the athletes spend a majority of their time on the field, and they risk their health every time they practice or compete.

I have a few friends who play, have played, or are planning to play sports in college. I know how hard some of them work to maintain their grades while spending close to forty hours a week on the field. Whether it’s practicing or playing the game, they both take a tremendous amount of effort and time.

Why should these college athletes spend more time on the field than the average American works a week, and not get paid for it?

According to journalist Justin Pope, college athletes has a rule of a twenty hour per week limit. However many athletes spend twice as much time per week on athletic activities. Justin Pope quotes, “In the NCAA survey, players in the top division reported spending five hours more per week on football than on academics” (Pope). Most college athletes consider themselves more an athlete than a student. That being said, I believe they should be rewarded with payment, and I’m talking about more than just scholarship money. The NCAA Athletes Work Long Hours, Survey States that:

One of the biggest concerns is out of season practices and what used to be summer vacations (Pope). In the NCAA survey, 70 percent of major college football players said they spent as much time or more in training or competing when they were out of season (Pope).

College athletes do not have time for a job because all of their time is taken up by the sport they play, which is a good reason why athletes should get paid.

Not only do athletes spend a majority of their time on the field, they also risk their health playing games and practicing all of the time. Columnist Gregg Doyel says, “It’s time to pay these guys:”

It’s one thing for them to sacrifice their free time to make a multimillionaire of their head coach. It’s something else for them to sacrifice their brains and bodies for the same cause. And to sacrifice so much for so little? That’s ghastly. Pay up, college football administrators. Pay up your players. Everyone pays a price for your sport-some more than others (Doyel).

I agree with Doyel. If athletes are going to risk getting injured and make their coaches and schools millions of dollars, then they should get paid as well.

According to Marc Edelman, “the college sports industry generates eleven billion dollars in annual revenues.” In “Should College Athletes be paid?”Edelman says they should be paid because they bring in so much money:

In 2011, NCAA members paid their association president, Marc Emmert 1.7 million dollars. Head football coaches at the forty-four NCAA Bowl Championship Series schools received on average 2.1 million dollars in salaries. The highest public employee in forty out of fifty U.S. states is the state university’s head football or basketball coach. At the University of Alabama, the head football coach, Nick Seban, recently signed a contract paying him seven million dollars per year- more than one hundred and sixty times the average wage of a Tuscaloosa public school teacher (Edelman).

Why should athletes do all of the work to bring in the money to the school and coaches, but have to live in poverty themselves?

Athletes work tremendously hard and bring others a great amount of money, so yes college-student athletes deserve a payment to help support them as an individual.



Work Cited

Doyel, Gregg. “College football players risk their brains, too, so it’s time to pay them.                               Cbssports.com. CBS Sports Magazine. May 2012. Web. 29 April 2014.

Edelman, Marc. “Should College Students-Athletes Be Paid?” U.S. News Digital Weekly. 5.52     (2013): 17. Academic Search Complete. Web. 29 April 2014.

Pope, Justin. “NCAA Athletes Work Long Hours, Survey Says.” Diverseeducation.com. Diverse             Newspaper, Sept. 2009. Web. 29 April 2014.


















Texting and Its Effect on Society Today

Miles Braswell, Kristina Costner, Drew Glenn, Cigi Sparks

ENG 131.02

Professor Lucas

2 April 2014


Character Guide

Juliet Capulet: Juliet is the female protagonist and one of two title characters in William Shakespeare‘s romantic love tragedy Romeo and Juliet. Juliet is the only daughter of Capulet, the patriarch of the Capulet family. Within this play, Romeo and Juliet show their love for one another through their constant texting habits between the two of them.

David Crystal: A professor at the University of Wales and is known for his work in English language studies and linguistics. He has published more than 100 books and also works on Internet applications and is the inventor of an app for searching databases.

Romeo Montague: A teenager who is in love with a girl named Juliet. The only problem with these two is that their families the Montague’s (Romeo) and the Capulets (Juliet) hate each other. However this does not stop these two from sneaking around and doing anything that they can to try and be lovers. Romeo is a brave soul but however stubborn both in Shakespeare’s version and Roz Chast’s version.

Dennis Baron: A Professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana. He has written numerous books and articles on language, literacy, and the technologies of communication. He is the author of A Better Pencil (2009), and a commentator for CNN, BBC, National Public Radio, and other television and radio shows discussing issues of language use. He also has his own website, The Web of Language, where he is a regular blogger on language topics.

The scene is set on Romeo and Juliet sitting beside each other during class as they Instant Message back and forth.

Juliet Capulet: “Romeo u there?” Juliet types on the screen anxiously waiting for a reply from her lover.

Romeo Montague: “Yo wassup?” Romeo types in response to Juliet.

JC: I love instant messaging. It’s deff the greatest invention since N’SYNC. I love instant messaging almost as much as I love Romeo and that is so so so much! Like, OMG, I just love Romeo.

RM: Well I hope that you like me more than you like instant messaging.

JC: “Nothin, u?” Juliet types in reply to Romeo.

RM: “Scool sucked 2day.” Romeo types in reply to Juliet.

JC: I totally think that instant messaging is helping kids learn so much better! Like, instant messaging is just an awesome tool to use in school.

RM: Like, it helps kids learn to spell things right and junk.

JC: “Heard Wylander got mad at u.” Juliet types in reply to Romeo.

JC: Take me for example; I totally spell everything so right. Like, I’m so smart. Thank God for instant messaging cause it made me that way!

RM: “What a jerk I used purpl ink on the sci test. He g5ot so pissed be lookjs like jimminy crickt.”

JC: “lol” Juliet types in reply to Romeo.

JC: Take me for example; I totally spell everything so right. Like, I’m so smart. Thank God for instant messaging cause it made me that way!

David Crystal and Dennis Baron walk into the room.

David Crystal: “Are you two really Instant Messaging while you’re right beside each other?”

RM: “Uhhh… Yeah.”

Dennis Baron: “It’s true that the Internet connects people, and it’s become an unbeatable source of information. The telephone also connected and informed faster than anything before it, and before the telephone the printing press was the agent of rapid-fire change” (330-31).

RM: “Going to nicks party?” Romeo types in reply to Juliet.

DC: “Some people dislike texting. Some are bemused by it. But it is merely the latest manifestation of the human ability to be linguistically creative and to adapt language to suit the demands of diverse settings.”

JC: . “Can’t I’m grounded.” Juliet types in reply to Romeo. I totally think that I.M.ing is THE best, like OMG


DB: “All new means of communication bring with them an irrepressible excitement as they expand literacy and open up new knowledge, but in certain quarters they also spark fear and distrust” (332).

DC: “Popular beliefs about texting are wrong. Its graphic distinctiveness is not a new phenomenon, nor is its use restricted to the young. There is increasing evidence that it helps rather than hinders literacy. In one American study, less than 20% of the text messages looked at showed abbreviated forms of any kind-about three per messages” (337-38).

RM: “y?” Romeo types in reply to Juliet. I really only like IM’ing because I can talk to Juliet all the time.

JC: “Cardoza called home, sez im failig Spanish btw both my rents hate U.” Juliet types in Reply to Romeo.

RM: “Mine hate U 2.” Romeo types back to Juliet.

DC: “The children who are better at spelling and writing used the most textisms. And the younger they received their first phone, the higher their scores.”

DB: “After all, when the libraries are burning, the phone lines get cut, the newspaper is shuttered, tanks surround the television station, and the Internet goes down, there is always sneakernet to get the message out” (333).

DC: “There’s no disaster pending. We will not see a new generation of adults growing up unable to write proper English. The language as a whole will not decline. In texting what we are seeing, in a small way, is language in evolution” (345).

Chast, Roz. “The I.M.s of Romeo and Juliet.” “They say/I say”: The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing: With Readings. 2nd ed. Ed. Gerald Graff, Cathy Birkenstien, and Russell Durst. New York: Norton, 2012. 347. Print.

Crystal, David. “2b or not 2b?” “They say/I say”: The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing: With Readings. 2nd ed. Ed. Gerald Graff, Cathy Birkenstien, and Russell Durst. New York: Norton, 2012. 335-345. Print.

Baron, Dennis. “Reforming Egypt in 140 Characters?” “They say/I say”: The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing: With Readings. 2nd ed. Ed. Gerald Graff, Cathy Birkenstien, and Russell Durst. New York: Norton, 2012. 329-334. Print.

The Classification of Race

The Classification of Race: An Annotated Bibliography


            For the first paper of the semester, an annotated bibliography, my subject is the classification of race. I chose this topic because my FYE class requires me to write a research paper on the topic of race this semester. The bibliography that follows includes two essays written by two different authors included in the anthology and an article from a website. All three sources present a different theory of the classification of race.

Annotated Bibliography

Bernier, Francois. “A New Division of the Earth.” The Idea of Race. Ed. Robert Bernasconi et al. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2000. 1-4. Print.

In Francois Bernier’s “A New Division of the Earth” he states that up to the time the essay was written, geographers only divided the earth according to the countries or regions; however, Bernier believes it is divided into four or five races according to physical characteristics and skin color. The first species that Bernier identifies is France, Spain, England, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Poland, and all of Europe. The second species includes all of Africa except the coasts. He designates Africa’s people as a separate species because of their characteristics that he has seen; such as, thick lips, oily skin, white teeth, and black skin. The third species that he presents is Aracan and Siam, the Islands of Sumatra and Borneo, the Philippines, Japan, the kingdom of Pegu, Tonkin, China, Georgia and Muscovy, and Turkistan. The characteristics that Bernier sees in this species are white skin, broad shoulders, a flat face, a small squab nose, little pig’s eyes, and three hairs of beard. According to Bernier’s essay the fourth species is the Lapp. Their characteristics are thick legs, large shoulders, and short neck. Bernier believes that American belong under the Europe category, which is the first species. He believes Americans are mostly olive-colored with faces modeled in a different way from Europeans, but he did not find a big enough difference to warrant designating a separate species. Bernier was the first to group people specifically into races according to their physical characteristics.

Francois Bernier is a seventeenth century, French physician who traveled extensively noting different characteristics of people he encountered. His book, Travels in the Mogul Empire was published in 1670.

Kant, Immanuel. “Of the Different Human Races.” The Idea of Race. Ed. Robert Bernasconi et al. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2000. 8-22. Print.

In “Of the Different Human Races” Immanuel Kant attempts to give a scientific definition of race based on a clear distinction between race and species. Kant believes that everyone on earth has the same natural genus because they reproduce with one another even if they have a large difference in their form. Kant also believes that the human genus only has four races in order to be able to make distinctions from what we see. The four races that Kant identified was the white, the Negro, the Hun, and the Hindu. Along with his beliefs on how race is classified, Kant discusses what causes the origin and the establishment of the different races.

Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher during the Enlightenment era of the late eighteenth century. His best known work is the Critique of Pure Reason.

“How Many Major Races Are There in the World?” World-Mysteries.com. 18 Feb. 2011. Web. 17 Feb. 2014.

The article “How Many Major Races Are There in the World?” discusses the human race as a group of certain people who have common features that distinguish them from other groups. The article also tells us that all men of any race are considered to be a part of the Homo Sapiens species. Even though the appearances of some people may appear very different, the differences among human races are small. According to this article, there are four major races: Caucasian, Mongoloid, Negroid, and Australoid. It discusses the different physical characteristics among the races. Although race has a biological meaning, it has more of a social meaning according to this article.